CBD Terminology

CBD Terminology

Newcomers to the Hemp Industry might have trouble acclimating to some of the terminology used by different companies in their communication about different products. Japa Organics is here to clear up some of the confusion and help you in your journey into the Cannabidiol and overall Hemp supplement Industry. Below, we’ve listed some of the most prolific words used in the Industry today. If you have any further questions, please don’t hesitate to send us an email at hello@japaorganics.com

Access Point

Is a term used in the Industry to describe a location which has been authorized to sell medical marijuana to patients who have gone through the process of obtaining a medical marijuana card. This term is interchangeable with a medical access point, pick up location, and in most circumstances dispensary will also be used.

Aroma

Is used to describe the taste and or the smell of the plant. Very much like sommeliers, some savvy Cannabis users with describing to a potential customer what the undertones and overall sensations one can expect from certain strains. The most common aroma descriptions you’ll hear are terms like, skunky, citrus, damp, and earthy.  

Backcross (BX)

You will most likely come across this word when researching different cultivation and or breeding techniques. Farmers and botanists will use different techniques in order to create a plant which highlights certain favorable attributes. In order to do so, the host plant needs to be bred with other plants which contain these desired attributes. To create similar results over and over again, a backcross is needed. Backcross is a term used to describe a plant which has been bred with another plant that is genetically similar in order to create attributes identical to the original plant. To give you a better idea, a farmer will breed a plant with a close family member in order to obtain similar genetic makeup, such as height, flower weight, and highlight certain cannabinoids.

Bud

Bud is a term used to describe the flower of the cannabis plant. Bud (cannabis flower) is used to create the best Cannabidiol based products. The bud of the plant is rich in other essential cannabinoids and phytonutrients. In THC concentrated cannabis strains, the Bud of the cannabis plant is mostly used to achieve the psychoactive high sensation.

Budtender

Is an employee of a dispensary or retail cannabis shop who assists potential customers with their cannabis selection.

Cannabinoids

Currently, there are 85+ cannabinoids known to medical science, with Cannabidiol being the compound prevalent in most CBD products. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant which, when ingested or inhaled, can provide a range of beneficial treatments for different symptoms and ailments. CBD is beneficial for individuals looking for alternative means of relief for treating inflammationpain, anxiety, psychoses, seizures, spasms, and nausea. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive compound found in hemp and marijuana plants utilized for its different medicinal benefits. Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the Cannabis Sativa plant. Hemp is traditionally cultivated for seeds, oil, and fiber, while marijuana is cultivated for its high content of THC, utilized for its psychoactive properties.

Cannabis

Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hemp can be grown in a variety of different climates and soils throughout the world. It is also highly resistant to bugs and other pests, which means when cultivating hemp you don’t need to use a lot of harmful herbicides or pesticides. There are three varieties of the hemp plant:

  • Sativa is the industrial crop of hemp and is grown for its fiber located in the stem of the plant. This has a low level of THC, below 0.3 percent, and higher levels of CBD. Produces no psychotropic effects.
  • Indica is grown for the psychoactive effect of THC. Generally speaking, the Indica variety contains about 5% or more levels of THC. Cultivation is primarily for its flower production, which contains the majority of the desired compound THC.
  • Ruderalis is the feral strain which grows naturally and is a staple food for a variety of migratory birds. This strain is also referred to as ditchweed and is grown for birdseed and oil. Generally speaking, this variety is low in THC.

CBD

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive compound found in hemp and marijuana plants utilized for its different medicinal benefits. Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the Cannabis Sativa plant. Hemp is traditionally cultivated for seeds, oil, and fiber, while marijuana is cultivated for its high content of THC, utilized for its psychoactive properties.

CO2 Oil

Is a term for Cannabinoid Oil which has gone through the rigorous CO2 extraction process. Supercritical CO2 is the process of separating one component (such as CBD or another Cannabinoid) from another. This process is accomplished by using supercritical fluids, like Carbon Dioxide, as the extracting solvent. CO2 extraction is the most sought after, for one it is the most expensive supercritical extraction process, and two because it is the best process in which protects the integrity of the host plants natural benefits.  

Concentrates

Traditionally concentrates is a term used where cannabinoids in the host plant have been extracted in a solvent to produce the most concentrated forms of one particular element of the plant. For example, CBD concentrates can contain nearly 100% pure CBD. This is done to strengthen or heighten the content of a certain cannabinoid in a product. In order for a company to produce a highly concentrated product, the chemist needs to add concentrates in order to achieve the desired percentages.

Co-op

A term used to describe a cooperative or a community of patients or consumers in a given area. The Co-ops traditionally have unique products on offer, which differ from traditional dispensaries, which entices members to join.  

Clone

Is a term used to describe a technique farmers use in order to create multiple plants from a single host plant? When a farmer has found a particular strain which they like, they will take certain clippings or components from the host plant and use them to plant clones of the host plant. This can be done over and over again to achieve the desired scale.

Cross (genetics)

Cross genetics or cross breeding is a term used to describe the process of breeding two different strains of cannabis. This is done to create hybrids of the two strains to highlight certain desired attributes.

Dispensary

A term used to describe the location a medical cannabis patient has to visit in order to legally purchase medical cannabis.  This term can sometimes be interchangeable with an access point, pick-up location, co-op, collective, or any other version of a legal cannabis distributor.

Feminized

Female plants are the only ones which produce the bud or flower of the cannabis plant. The term feminized plant is used to describe cannabis plants which have been specifically bred to solely produce other female bud producing plants. Farmers use these feminized seeds to make the process of growing cannabis easier and more lucrative.

Flowering Time

Is a term used to describe the time in which the cannabis plant as mature. Flowering times are projected based on broad-based averages which a certain strain will take to mature under optimal conditions. The flowering time is most dramatically affected by that particular crops exposure to sunlight.

Heirloom

Is used to describe a strain of cannabis which has been transferred from its natural environment to be used to create other clones or versions of itself. This is commonplace in the industry, as creating the perfect strain can take a lot of time effort and money, so it becomes a financially sound decision to simply transport the plant from one place to another to be used in the cloning process.  

Hemp

Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hemp can be grown in a variety of different climates and soils throughout the world. It is also highly resistant to bugs and other pests, which means when cultivating hemp you don’t need to use a lot of harmful herbicides or pesticides. Hemp is traditionally used for making ropes and other fibrous materials. The use of Hemp dates back to the dawn of civilization and was used to produce the sails and ropes for the ships of our early colonists.

Hydroponics

Is a system which does not require soil in order to cultivate cannabis or other plants. Hydroponics is utilized to create control over the plants nutrient intake. The plants are grown in water, not soil, and receive their needed nutrients by adding the necessary ingredients to the water solution. This level of control can be ideal for certain growers as it lessens the likelihood of soil contamination and other pollutants.  

Phenotype

Is a term used to describe the height, color, leaf type, cell structure, and branching of a particular strain of cannabis. A plant’s phenotype can be used to describe or identify the plant’s physical attributes over another.  

Strain

The term strain is used to identify one cannabis plant from another by identifying certain attributes which make that certain strain unique. The names traditionally originate by admiring the plant’s phenotype and or cannabinoid make up in order to create a unique strain name.

THC

Delta-9-tetracnnabinol or THC is the cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant, which is famous for creating the psychotropic effects associated with marijuana. Recent research suggests major medical benefits from supplementing with THC and other cannabinoids to achieve a healthy balance.

Tincture

A tincture is a cannabis oil product which has been slightly diluted for taste, traditionally by using hemp oil or coconut oil, to achieve the desired benefits of the product. Tinctures suit those individuals who want to maximize the bioavailability of their cannabis products. Other than inhalation, sublingual application tends to be one of the most efficient ways your body processes cannabinoids. Sublingual application circumvents the product having to travel through the digestion system in order for it to enter the bloodstream. Sublingual application travels straight to the main arteries under your tongue and begins taking effect rather quickly.

Topical

Cannabis product which has been blended into a balm or cream, traditionally described as a topical solution. The cannabis topical is absorbed through the skin in order to alleviate pain, inflammation, skin abrasions, and even rashes.  

Trichome

Trichomes can also be described as the crystals of the cannabis plant. Trichomes are located in the production glands of the cannabis plant which are responsible for producing a significant portion of the cannabinoids found in the entire plant. When cultivated outside, Trichomes serve as a protective agent against hungry animals. Trichomes use their bitter takes and strong aromas to deter animals from eating the plant. Trichomes can also be used to protect against harsh weather and ward off certain fungi growth.

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